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Table 1 List of Exercises

From: Dry needling and exercise for chronic whiplash - a randomised controlled trial

Exercise Description
1. Flexors of the cranio-cervical spine Re-education of cranio-cervical flexion movement Training holding capacity of the neck flexors Retraining eccentric control of the cranio-cervical flexors in upright postures
2. Extensors of the cranio-cervical spine Re-education of cranio-cervical extension movement Training holding capacity of the neck extensors
3. Re-education of neutral posture Re-education of neutral spine in sitting, including lumbo-pelvic, thoracic and cervical spine neutral Progression to other functional postures (patient specific)
4. Retraining of the scapular muscles Retraining scapular orientation in neutral posture Training endurance capacity of the scapular stabilizers Retraining dynamic scapular control with arm movement and load
5. Co-contraction of the neck flexors and extensors Facilitated with rotation, using self-resisted isometric rotation in either supine, or in correct upright sitting posture
6. Strength training of the flexor synergy Head lift in supine, preceded with cranio-cervical flexion followed by cervical flexion to just lift the head from the supporting surface. Graded reduction in pillow height to flat surface