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Table 1 Influence of demographic and socioeconomic factors on seeking care for hip or knee pain.

From: Help-seeking behaviour among people living with chronic hip or knee pain in the community

  GP* AHP* Alt ther* Combinations*
  OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
Age 1.02 (1.00-1.03) 1.01 (0.98-1.05) 0.98 (0.96-1.01) 1.01 (1.00-1.03)
Man 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Woman 1.28 (0.95-1.72) 1.10 (0.55-2.18) 2.44 (1.19-5.02) 1.20 (0.83-1.74)
Normal weight (BMI < 25 kg/m 2 ) 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Overweight (BMI 25-29.99 kg/m 2 ) 1.66 (1.11-2.48) 1.27 (0.52-3.10) 2.24 (1.01-4.95) 1.51 (0.93-2.43)
Obese (BMI ≥ 30 kg/m 2 ) 2.47 (1.63-3.74) 1.01 (0.35-2.91) 1.38 (0.54-3.49) 1.69 (1.01-2.84)
Lowest quintile of deprivation 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Highest quintile of deprivation 1.43 (0.93-2.20) 0.84 (0.28-2.54) 0.40 (0.13-1.84) 1.26 (0.75-2.12)
Living in rural areas 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Living in urban areas 1.78 (1.11-2.88) 1.37 (0.47-3.96) 0.72 (0.32-1.62) 1.08 (0.64-1.82)
Pain in both hips and knees 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Pain in hips only 0.52 (0.31-0.87) 0.54 (0.16-1.86) 1.73 (0.76-3.93) 0.60 (0.32-1.13)
Pain in knees only 0.57 (0.41-0.80) 0.57 (0.26-1.26) 1.11 (0.55-2.24) 0.65 (0.43-0.99)
Pain severity 1.44 (1.32-1.58) 1.32 (1.09-1.61) 0.78 (0.61-1.01) 1.51 (1.36-1.68)
Not anxious/depressed 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Anxious/depressed 1.61 (1.20-2.17) 1.84 (0.93-3.65) 0.84 (0.43-1.65) 1.53 (1.05-2.20)
No mobility problems 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
Mobility problems 3.83 (2.72-5.39) 4.72 (1.92-11.62) 0.69 (0.37-1.29) 3.87 (2.49-6.01)
0-1 other health problems 1.00 1.00 1.00 1.00
2 health problem areas 1.74 (1.08-2.81) 1.33 (0.41-4.35) 2.53 (1.00-6.36) 2.17 (1.14-4.11)
3 health problem areas 1.93 (1.21-3.08) 1.06 (0.31-3.58) 1.38 (0.50-3.77) 1.90 (1.00-3.62)
4 or more health problem areas 1.76 (1.10-2.83) 2.27 (0.77-6.68) 1.47 (0.54-4.03) 2.60 (1.40-4.85)
  1. *Health care professionals are divided into general practitioners (GP), allied health professionals (AHP), alternative therapists (alt ther) or a combination of two or more categories.
  2. Univariate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) are given for age and gender. All other variables are age and gender adjusted.