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Table 6 Mean percentages of each possible observed behaviour and mean percentage B-scores for both the muffin and the beads task in children with CP and in healthy children

From: Validity and reliability of the VOAA-DDD to assess spontaneous hand use with a video observation tool in children with spastic unilateral cerebral palsy

  Healthy children, n = 56
non-dominant arm and hand
Children with CP, n = 20
affected arm and hand
Behaviour Group 1
Muffin
%
Group 1
Beads
%
Group 2
Muffin
%
Group 2
Beads
%
Group 1
Muffin
%
Group 1
Beads
%
Group 2
Muffin
%
Group 2
Beads
%
Reaches 57 67 46 86 16 32 14 22
Grasps 96 100 98 100 51 90 58 78
Holds 96 100 98 100 51 90 56 78
Releases 93 99 98 100 50 90 53 75
Stabilizes 27 67 36 76 54 92 70 87
Puts on place 59 46 44 60 10 8 3 7
Shakes, pours 20 21 12 17 6 7 8 22
Pushes, pulls, shoves, strikes 14 65 12 82 13 28 14 72
Catches, carries 17 6 26 16 3 5 3 2
Manipulates 5 3 10 7 0 2 0 2
B-score * 95 100 98 100 51 90 55 77
  1. * obtained from the muffin task or the beads task (basic Grasps, Holds and Releases observations)