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Table 1 Associations between HRQL factors and MSD

From: Studying the association between musculoskeletal disorders, quality of life and mental health. A primary care pilot study in rural Crete, Greece

Dependent variable Independent variable Beta 95% CI P
Physical functioning Age -7.49 -11.92-3.06 0.001
  GHQ-28 score -19.28 -27.21- -11.34 < 0.001
  Elbows pain -30.53 -47.94- -13.12 0.001
  Low back pain -19.87 -30.25- -9.49 < 0.001
Role limitations due to physical health problems BMI -8.21 -16.56-0.14 0.054
  GHQ-28 score -23.33 -36.89- -9.78 0.001
  Hip pain -26.70 -48.34- -5.05 0.016
Bodily pain Age 7.21 1.77-12.64 0.010
  GHQ-28 score 8.71 0.51-16.91 0.038
  Hip pain 6.58 5.45-31.51 0.006
  Upper back pain 6.79 11.68-38.55 < 0.001
General health Female Gender 6.38 2.41-10.35 0.002
Vitality GHQ-28 score -13.07 -19.39- -8.44 < 0.001
  Elbows pain -12.56 -23.49- -1.62 0.025
Social functioning GHQ-28 score --3.71 -7.33- - 0.09 0.045
Role limitations due to emotional health problems Female gender -11.53 -23.04- -0.03 0.049
  GHQ-28 score -19.97 -32.03 - -7.92 0.001
  Upper back pain -29.49 -47.30- -11.68 0.001
Mental health GHQ-28 score -5.06 -8.91 - -1.208 < 0.001
DIMENSION PHYSICAL GHQ-28 score -9.53 -13.41- -5.66 < 0.001
  Neck pain -8.00 -14.07- -1.93 0.010
DIMENSION MENTAL GHQ-28 score -8.50 -11.67- -5.32 < 0.001
  Upper back pain -5.58 -10.47- -0.68 0.026
  1. Multiple linear regression analysis of SF-36 mean scores and MSD during the previous 7-day period adjusted for age, gender, education level, cohabitation status, GHQ-28 scores and number of co-morbidities. Only the statistically significant correlations are presented.