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Table 3 Depression and anxiety scores for different levels of neck pain

From: Depression and anxiety as major determinants of neck pain: a cross-sectional study in general practice

Psychosocial
characteristics
NPAD-d in
lowest quartile
NPAD-d in
middle quartiles
NPAD-d in
highest quartile
p-Valueb
Depression (HADS Depression subscale, range 0–21, mean values ± standard deviation) 3.49 ± 2.78 5.22 ± 3.54 7.65 ± 3.88 <0.001
Anxiety (HADS Anxiety subscale, range 0–21, mean values ± standard deviation) 5.95 ± 3.77 7.92 ± 3.79 10.16 ± 3.92 <0.001
  1. a NPAD-d: Neck Pain and Disability Scale German version
  2. b derived from ANOVA statistics