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Table 4 Physical outcome 6 and 12 months after surgically treated anklefractures in patient allocated to training group or control group.

From: Effects of a training program after surgically treated ankle fracture: a prospective randomised controlled trial

Variables 6-month
Training group
6-month
Usual care group
12-month
Training group
12-month
Usual care group
p-value#
Dorsal extension injured side (degrees)      0.752
   - all 28 (6.5) 27 (6.6) 30 (6.1) 29 (7.1)  
   - <40 years 30 (5.7) 30 (6.5) 33 (5.7) 32 (6.6)  
   - >= 40 years 26 (6.4) 26 (6.3) 28 (5.2) 27 (6.9)  
Plantar flexion injured side (degrees)      0.736
   - all 44 (6.3) 42 (6.6) 47 (6.1) 45 (5.7)  
   - <40 years 45 (5.9) 43 (7.0) 48 (5.9) 47 (6.0)  
   - >= 40 years 43 (6.4) 41 (6.3) 46 (6.2) 44 (5.1)  
Rising on toes injured side (n)      0.029
   - all 25 (11.8) 19 (10.6) 27 (12.6) 24 (9.0)  
   - <40 years 32 (7.4) 21 (11.3) 34 (9.6) 26 (10.6)  
   - >= 40 years 19 (11.5) 18 (10.1) 23 (13) 22 (7.0)  
Rising on heels injured side (n)      0.03
   - all 18 (12.9) 16 (12.1) 20 (14.5) 17 (13.2)  
   - <40 years 24 (12.4) 15 (10.7) 26 (13.8) 18 (16.5)  
   - >= 40 years 14 (11.7) 17 (13.1) 14 (13.8) 11 (10.7)  
Walking 9 m fast speed (seconds)      0.084
   - all 5 (1.3) 5 (1.1) 4.4 (1.0) 4.6 (1.0)  
   - <40 years 4 (0.7) 5 (0.6) 3.9 (0.6) 4.3 (0.9)  
   - >= 40 years 5 (1.5) 5 (1.3) 4.8 (1.0) 4.8 (1.1)  
Walking 12 steps upstairs (seconds)      0.072
   - all 5 (2.2) 6 (1.7) 4.5 (1.7) 4.6 (1.3)  
   - <40 years 4 (1.2) 5 (1.7) 3.6 (0.8) 4.0 (1.0)  
   - >= 40 years 6 (2.4) 6 (1.7) 5.1 (1.8) 5.0 (1.4)  
  1. #Mixed model analyses on repeated measures for differences between training group and control group and change over time adjusting for gender, age-group, follow-up time and interaction between age-group and treatment effect. The p-values reflect the interaction between age-group and treatment effect.
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