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Table 2 Baseline data in subjects with surgically treated ankle fractures

From: Effects of a training program after surgically treated ankle fracture: a prospective randomised controlled trial

Variables Training group
n = 50
Control group
n = 55
p-value
Gender    0.557a
   - men 19 24  
   - women 31 31  
Injured side    0.573aa
   - left 30 30  
   - right 20 25  
Type of fracture    0.111a
   - supination 42 38  
   - pronation 8 17  
Internal fixation    0.408a
   - uni-malleolar 28 36  
   - bi-malleolar 19 18  
   - tri-malleolar 3 1  
Operation technique    0.559a
   - Wiberg-Cedell 26 34  
   - AO 9 9  
   - Mixed technique 15 12  
Joint congruency post surgery    1.000b
   - complete 49 54  
   - ≤ 2 mm in-congruency 1 1  
Reduction results post surgery    0.390a
   - complete 29 25  
   - ≤ 2 mm displacement 15 18  
   - > 2 mm displacement 6 12  
Complications    0.604a
   - no complications 46 54  
   - superficial infection 2 1  
   - deep vein thrombosis 2 0  
Sport before injury    0.887a
   - yes 36 39  
   - no 13 15  
   - missing information 1 1  
Activity level before injury    0.169c
   - walking (2) 5/36 6/39  
   - long walking (3) 8/36 14/39  
   - jogging 2 times/week plain ground (4) 12/36 14/39  
   - jogging cross-country or aerobics 2 times/week 5) 7/36 3/39  
   - jogging 5 times/week (6) 5/36 2/39  
  1. a Chi-Square test; b Fisher's Exact test; c Mann-Whitney U-test
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