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Table 1 Baseline characteristics and differences between both treatment groups

From: Preliminary results, methodological considerations and recruitment difficulties of a randomised clinical trial comparing two treatment regimens for patients with headache and neck pain

  UC (n = 19) UCMT (n = 18) Sign.
Gender (M/F Ratio) 3/16 6/12 ns
Age (years, mean ± SD) 43.32 y ± 14.02 y 43.11 y ± 15.01 y ns
Headache frequency (n)    
   Daily 15 18 ns
Location Headache (n)    
   Bilateral 8 6 ns
   Bilateral dominant side 3 4 ns
   Unilateral shifting 7 3 ns
   Unilateral side locked 2 6 ns
Headache history    
   > 1 year (n) 15 18  
   Specification of headache duration (years; mean ± SD) 12.50 y ± 12.21 y 13.00 y ± 8.05 y ns
Neck Pain Present (n) 18 16 ns
HIT-6 score (mean ± SD) 61.26 p ± 6.65 p 62.56 p ± 7.6 p ns
Average Pain Intensity (VAS [mm]; mean ± SD)    
   HA 4 weeks 67.64 ± 16.05 70.87 ± 20.16 ns
   HA 3 months 66,26 ± 18,58 65.88 ± 18.38 ns
   NP 3 months 45.67 ± 20.90 44.53 ± 20.23 ns
   SP 3 months 19.11 ± 24.27 20.59 ± 20.07 ns
  1. Numbers represent the proportion of the entire group which has a certain characteristic, unless specified otherwise. UC: Usual Care, UCMT: Usual Care plus Manual therapy, HIT-6: Headache Impact Test, 6 items (scores can range from 36-78 points), HA: Headache, NP: Neck Pain, SP: Shoulder Pain. VAS: Visual Analogue Scale (0 mm - 100 mm [0 = no pain; 100 = unbearable pain]), Sign.: Significant. ns: not significant (p > .05)
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