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  1. Research article

    Incidence of total hip or knee replacement due to osteoarthritis in relation to thyroid function: a prospective cohort study (The Nord-Trøndelag Health Study)

    To study whether thyroid function was associated with risk of hip or knee replacement due to primary osteoarthritis.

    Alf Inge Hellevik, Marianne Bakke Johnsen, Arnulf Langhammer, Anne Marie Fenstad, Ove Furnes, Kjersti Storheim, John Anker Zwart, Gunnar Flugsrud and Lars Nordsletten

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:201

    Published on: 18 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Pain, pain intensity and pain disability in high school students are differently associated with physical activity, screening hours and sleep

    Studies exploring the association between physical activity, screen time and sleep and pain usually focus on a limited number of painful body sites. Nevertheless, pain at different body sites is likely to be o...

    Anabela G. Silva, Pedro Sa-Couto, Alexandra Queirós, Maritza Neto and Nelson P. Rocha

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:194

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Multidimensional daily diary of fatigue–fibromyalgia–17 items (MDF-fibro-17). part 1: development and content validity

    Fibromyalgia (FM), a disorder characterized by chronic widespread pain and tenderness, affects greater than five million individuals in the United States alone. Patients experience multiple symptoms in additio...

    S. Morris, Y. Li, J.A.M. Smith, S. Dube’, C. Burbridge and T. Symonds

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:195

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  4. Research article

    Physical therapists and importance of work participation in patients with musculoskeletal disorders: a focus group study

    Musculoskeletal disorders are a major health problem resulting in negative effects on wellbeing and substantial costs to society. Work participation is associated with positive benefits for both mental and phy...

    Nathan Hutting, Wiebke Oswald, J Bart Staal, Josephine A Engels, Elvira Nouwens, Maria WG Nijhuis van-der Sanden and Yvonne F Heerkens

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:196

    Published on: 16 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric analysis of the Arabic version of the oxford knee score in adult male with knee osteoarthritis

    There are varieties of self-assessment questionnaire used for the evaluation of pain, functional disability, and health related quality of life in individuals with knee osteoarthritis (OA). The present study i...

    Ahmad H. Alghadir, Einas S. Al-Eisa and Shahnawaz Anwer

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:190

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  6. Research article

    Ten-year survival rate after rotational acetabular osteotomy in adulthood hip dysplasia

    Rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO) is an effective joint-preserving surgical treatment for adulthood hip dysplasia (AHD). Despite sufficient correction of acetabular dysplasia, some patients still experienc...

    Masamitsu Tomioka, Yutaka Inaba, Naomi Kobayashi, Taro Tezuka, Hyonmin Choe, Hiroyuki Ike and Tomoyuki Saito

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:191

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  7. Research article

    Developmental hip dysplasia treated by total hip arthroplasty using a cementless Wagner cone stem in young adult patients with a small physique

    Developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) may lead to severe acetabular and femoral abnormalities that can render total hip arthroplasty (THA) challenging, especially in DDH patients with a small physique. Most conven...

    Ping Zhen, Jun Liu, Hao Lu, Hui Chen, Xusheng Li and Shenghu Zhou

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:192

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Associations between disc space narrowing, anterior osteophytes and disability in chronic mechanical low back pain: a cross sectional study

    Radiographic features of lumbar disc degeneration (LDD) are common findings in patients with chronic mechanical low back pain; however, its role in disability and intensity of pain is debatable. This study aim...

    Romain Shanil Perera, Poruwalage Harsha Dissanayake, Upul Senarath, Lalith Sirimevan Wijayaratne, Aranjan Lional Karunanayake and Vajira Harshadeva Weerabaddana Dissanayake

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:193

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Minimal invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) through deltoid-pectoralis approach for the treatment of elderly proximal humeral fractures

    Current treatments for proximal humeral fractures include conservative treatment, conventional open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) and MIPPO through deltoid-splitting approach. The aim of this study was to...

    Li Zhao, Peng Yang, Lei Zhu and Ai-min Chen

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:187

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  10. Research article

    Predictors of response to prefabricated foot orthoses or rocker-sole footwear in individuals with first metatarsophalangeal joint osteoarthritis

    Osteoarthritis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint (1st MTPJ OA) is a common and disabling condition commonly managed with footwear and orthotic interventions. The objective of this study was to identify fa...

    Hylton B. Menz, Maria Auhl, Jade M. Tan, Pazit Levinger, Edward Roddy and Shannon E. Munteanu

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:185

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  11. Research article

    Persons with rheumatoid arthritis challenge the relevance of the health assessment questionnaire: a qualitative study of patient perception

    The Stanford Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index (HAQ) is widely used to measure functional ability in persons with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA). The instrument was developed with limited involvement...

    David Ebbevi, Anna Essén and Helena Hvitfeldt Forsberg

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:189

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  12. Research article

    Risk assessment of manual handling operations at work with the key indicator method (KIM-MHO) — determination of criterion validity regarding the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms and clinical conditions within a cross-sectional study

    Manual handling operations (MHO) are known to be risk factors for work-related upper limb disorders (WRULDs), e.g. symptoms and conditions such as carpal tunnel syndrome. To estimate the risk of WRULDs, a Key ...

    Andre Klussmann, Falk Liebers, Hansjürgen Gebhardt, Monika A. Rieger, Ute Latza and Ulf Steinberg

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:184

    Published on: 10 May 2017

  13. Research article

    Mucin 1, a signal transduction membrane-bound mucin, is present in human disc tissue and is downregulated in vitro by exposure to IL-1ß or TNF-α

    Back pain and disc degeneration have a growing socioeconomic healthcare impact. Mucin 1 (MUC1) is a transmembrane glycoprotein whose extracellular and intracellular domains participate in cellular signaling. L...

    Helen E. Gruber, Jane A. Ingram, Gretchen L. Hoelscher, Emilio Marrero and Edward N. Hanley

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:182

    Published on: 8 May 2017

  14. Research article

    Current management strategies for patellofemoral pain: an online survey of 99 practising UK physiotherapists

    Patellofemoral pain (PFP) is considered one of the commonest forms of knee pain. This study aimed to identify how physiotherapists in the United Kingdom (UK) currently manage patellofemoral pain (PFP), particu...

    Benjamin E. Smith, Paul Hendrick, Marcus Bateman, Fiona Moffatt, Michael Skovdal Rathleff, James Selfe, Toby O. Smith and Pip Logan

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:181

    Published on: 8 May 2017

  15. Research article

    Does a deep seated L5 vertebra position with respect to the iliac crests affect the accuracy of percutaneous pedicle screw placement at lumbosacral junction?

    Significant prominence of iliac crests with a deep seated L5 vertebra can potentially interfere with the screw trajectory when placing percutaneous pedicle screws (PPS) at the lumbosacral segment. The objectiv...

    Jing Guo, Lianjin Guo, Juzhou Gao, Qinjie Ling, Zhixun Yin and Erxing He

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:180

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  16. Research article

    Restriction in lateral bending range of motion, lumbar lordosis, and hamstring flexibility predicts the development of low back pain: a systematic review of prospective cohort studies

    Low back pain (LBP) is an increasingly common condition worldwide with significant costs associated with its management. Identification of musculoskeletal risk factors that can be treated clinically before the...

    Sean G Sadler, Martin J Spink, Alan Ho, Xanne Janse De Jonge and Vivienne H Chuter

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:179

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  17. Research article

    Cross-cultural translation of the Western Ontario Cuff Index in Chinese and its validation in patients with rotator cuff disorders

    The Western Ontario Rotator Cuff Index (WORC) is a scale designed to evaluate the impact of rotator cuff (RC) disorders on patients’ general quality of life. Our study aims to adapt the WORC for Chinese patien...

    Wei Wang, Qing-yun Xie, Zhen-yu Jia, Lin Cui, Da Liu, Cai-ru Wang and Wei Zheng

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:178

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  18. Research article

    Predictors of seeking financial compensation following motor vehicle trauma: inception cohort with moderate to severe musculoskeletal injuries

    Compensation related factors have been repeatedly associated with poor recovery following orthopaedic trauma. There is limited research into the factors associated with seeking financial compensation. Further ...

    Darnel Murgatroyd, Ian A. Harris, Jian Sheng Chen, Sam Adie, Rajat Mittal and Ian D. Cameron

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:177

    Published on: 2 May 2017

  19. Research article

    Association of vertebral compression fractures with physical performance measures among community-dwelling Japanese women aged 40 years and older

    Numerous reported studies have shown that vertebral compression fractures are associated with impaired function or disability; however, few examined their association with objective measures of physical perfor...

    Kazuhiko Arima, Yasuyo Abe, Takayuki Nishimura, Takuhiro Okabe, Yoshihito Tomita, Satoshi Mizukami, Mitsuo Kanagae and Kiyoshi Aoyagi

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:176

    Published on: 28 April 2017

  20. Research article

    Influence of subject discontinuation on long-term nonvertebral fracture rate in the denosumab FREEDOM Extension study

    Denosumab treatment for up to 8 years in the FREEDOM study and Extension was associated with low fracture incidence. It was not clear whether subjects who discontinued during the study conduct had a higher ris...

    Jonathan D. Adachi, Henry G. Bone, Nadia S. Daizadeh, Paula Dakin, Socrates Papapoulos, Peyman Hadji, Chris Recknor, Michael A. Bolognese, Andrea Wang, Celia J. F. Lin, Rachel B. Wagman and Serge Ferrari

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:174

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  21. Research article

    Early surgery with antibiotics treatment had better clinical outcomes than antibiotics treatment alone in patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis: a retrospective cohort study

    Pyogenic spondylodiscitis is a form of spinal infection that can result in severe back pain and even death. However, information is lacking on the relative effectiveness of various therapies. A retrospective c...

    Tsung-Ting Tsai, Shih-Chieh Yang, Chi-Chien Niu, Po-Liang Lai, Ming-Hsun Lee, Lih-Huei Chen and Wen-Jer Chen

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:175

    Published on: 27 April 2017

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