Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Research article

    Do the disc degeneration and osteophyte contribute to the curve rigidity of degenerative scoliosis?

    The factors associated with lateral curve flexibility in degenerative scoliosis have not been well documented. Disc degeneration could result in significant change in stiffness and range of motion in lateral b...

    Feng Zhu, Hongda Bao, Peng Yan, Shunan Liu, Mike Bao, Zezhang Zhu, Zhen Liu and Yong Qiu

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:128

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  2. Research article

    The importance of informational, clinical and personal support in patient experience with total knee replacement: a qualitative investigation

    Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is the most frequently performed joint replacement surgery in North America. Patient perspectives on TKA have been investigated in various ways, including finding as many as 20% o...

    Laurie J. Goldsmith, Nitya Suryaprakash, Ellen Randall, Jessica Shum, Valerie MacDonald, Richard Sawatzky, Samar Hejazi, Jennifer C. Davis, Patrick McAllister and Stirling Bryan

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:127

    Published on: 24 March 2017

  3. Research article

    A cross-sectional study of the effects of load carriage on running characteristics and tibial mechanical stress: implications for stress-fracture injuries in women

    Load carriage is associated with musculoskeletal injuries, such as stress fractures, during military basic combat training. By investigating the influence of load carriage during exercises on the kinematics an...

    Chun Xu, Amy Silder, Ju Zhang, Jaques Reifman and Ginu Unnikrishnan

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:125

    Published on: 23 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Accuracy of pedicle screw placement in patients with Marfan syndrome

    There is no study concerning safety and accuracy of pedicle screw placement in Marfan syndrome. The objective of this study is to investigate accuracy and safety of pedicle screw placement in scoliosis associa...

    Jun Qiao, Feng Zhu, Leilei Xu, Zhen Liu, Xu Sun, Bangping Qian, Qing Jiang, Zezhang Zhu and Yong Qiu

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:123

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  5. Study protocol

    Study-protocol for a randomized controlled trial comparing clinical and radiological results after three different posterior decompression techniques for lumbar spinal stenosis: the Spinal Stenosis Trial (SST) (part of the NORDSTEN Study)

    There are several posterior decompression techniques for lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS). There is a trend towards performing less invasive surgical procedures, but no multicentre randomized controlled trials hav...

    Erland Hermansen, Ivar Magne Austevoll, Ulla Kristina Romild, Frode Rekeland, Tore Solberg, Kjersti Storheim, Oliver Grundnes, Jørn Aaen, Jens Ivar Brox, Christian Hellum and Kari Indrekvam

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:121

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  6. Research article

    Use of a decision aid did not decrease decisional conflict in patients with carpal tunnel syndrome

    Although a model for shared decision-making is important for patient-centered care, decisional conflict can emerge when patients participate in the decision-making. A decision aid is proposed to provide inform...

    Hyun Sik Gong, Jin Woo Park, Young Ho Shin, Kahyun Kim, Kwan Jae Cho and Goo Hyun Baek

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:118

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  7. Research article

    Improved knee biomechanics among patients reporting a good outcome in knee-related quality of life one year after total knee arthroplasty

    It is not well understood why one in five patients report poor outcomes following knee arthroplasty. This study evaluated changes in knee biomechanics, and perceived pain among patients reporting either a good...

    Josefine E. Naili, Per Wretenberg, Viktor Lindgren, Maura D. Iversen, Margareta Hedström and Eva W. Broström

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:122

    Published on: 21 March 2017

  8. Research article

    Arthroscopic release using F and C method versus conventional open release method in the treatment of gluteal muscle contracture: a comparative study

    Gluteal muscle contracture (GMC), a debilitating disease, usually starts in early childhood after variable dose of injections around the buttock, if left untreated it worsens gradually and persists throughout ...

    Saroj Rai, Shengyang Jin, Chunqing Meng, Nabin Chaudhary, Nira Tamang, Xiaohong Wang, Xianzhe Liu, Hong Wang and Shuhua Yang

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:113

    Published on: 16 March 2017

  9. Research article

    Comparison of the direct and indirect reduction techniques during the surgical management of posterior malleolar fractures

    The optimal method for the reduction and fixation of posterior malleolar fracture (PMF) remains inconclusive. Currently, both of the indirect and direct reduction techniques are widely used. We aimed to compar...

    Hong-fei Shi, Jin Xiong, Yi-xin Chen, Jun-fei Wang, Xu-Sheng Qiu, Jie Huang, Xue-yang Gui, Si-yuan Wen and Yin-he Wang

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:109

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  10. Research article

    Prospective clinical evaluation of a novel anatomic cuff for forearm crutches in patients with osteoarthritis

    The use of forearm crutches has been associated with pain and neuropraxia along the ulnar bone. Whilst anatomic grips have improved comfort of crutch walking, to date anatomic forearm cuffs have not been clini...

    Thomas Hügle, Ansgar Arnieri, Margerita Bünter, Stefan Schären and Annegret Mündermann

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:110

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  11. Research article

    Influence of different great trochanteric entry points on the outcome of intertrochanteric fractures: a retrospective cohort study

    The Proximal Femoral Nail Antirotation (PFNA) system for treatment of intertrochanteric fractures is currently widely applied worldwide. However, even though the PFNA has produced good clinical outcomes, a poo...

    Shuo Pan, Xiao-Hui Liu, Tao Feng, Hui-Jun Kang, Zhi-Guang Tian and Chun-Guang Lou

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:107

    Published on: 14 March 2017

  12. Research article

    Patient-reported health outcomes after total hip and knee surgery in a Dutch University Hospital Setting: results of twenty years clinical registry

    Patient-Reported Outcome (PRO) measurement is a method for measuring perceptions of patients on their health and quality of life. The aim of this paper is to present the results of PRO measurements in total hi...

    Philip J. van der Wees, Joost J. G. Wammes, Reinier P. Akkermans, Jan Koetsenruijter, Gert P. Westert, Albert van Kampen, Gerjon Hannink, Maarten de Waal-Malefijt and B. Willem Schreurs

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:97

    Published on: 3 March 2017

  13. Research article

    Ankle joint distraction arthroplasty for severe ankle arthritis

    Ankle distraction arthroplasty is one option for the treatment of severe ankle arthritis in young patients. The outcomes and factors predicting success in distraction arthroplasty are poorly understood.

    Yang Xu, Yuan Zhu and Xiang-yang Xu

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:96

    Published on: 28 February 2017

  14. Study protocol

    Medium-sized posterior fragments in AO Weber-B fractures, does open reduction and fixation improve outcome? the POSTFIX-trial protocol, a multicenter randomized clinical trial

    Guidelines for treatment of the posterior fracture fragment in trimalleolar fractures are scarce and show varying advices. Did the increasing size of the posterior fragment seem to relate to worse outcome in t...

    Sander Verhage, Peer van der Zwaal, Maarten Bronkhorst, Huub van der Meulen, Sanne Kleinveld, Sven Meylaerts, Steven Rhemrev, Pieta Krijnen, Inger Schipper and Jochem Hoogendoorn

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:94

    Published on: 23 February 2017

  15. Research article

    Combined application versus topical and intravenous application of tranexamic acid following primary total hip arthroplasty: a meta-analysis

    The use of intravenous (IV) or topical tranexamic acid (TXA) in total hip arthroplasty has been proven to be effective and safe in total hip arthroplasty. However, which of these two administration routes is b...

    Pei Zhang, Yuan Liang, Pengtao Chen, Yongchao Fang, Jinshan He and Jingcheng Wang

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:90

    Published on: 21 February 2017

  16. Research article

    The relationship between changes of cervical sagittal alignment after anterior cervical discectomy and fusion and spino-pelvic sagittal alignment under roussouly classification: a four-year follow-up study

    Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is widely used in the treatment of cervical degenerative disease; however, the variation of cervical sagittal alignment changes after ACDF has been rarely explore...

    Dong-Ning Huang, Miao Yu, Nan-Fang Xu, Mai Li, Shao-Bo Wang, Yu Sun, Liang Jiang, Feng Wei, Xiao-Guang Liu and Zhong-Jun Liu

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:87

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  17. Research article

    The safe screw path along inferior border of the arcuate line at acetabular area: an anatomical study based on CT scans

    Misplaced screw during the internal fixation of acetabular fractures may penetrate the hip joint which might cause chondrolysis and traumatic osteoarthritis in the future. This study aims to acquire the safe p...

    Chun Bi, Jiandong Wang, Xiaoxi Ji, Zhijian Ma, Fang Wang, Xiangsen Zeng, Dongmei Wang and Qiugen Wang

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:88

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  18. Research article

    Posterior pedicle screw fixation to treat lower cervical fractures associated with ankylosing spondylitis: a retrospective study of 35 cases

    The most common site of fractures in patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is the cervical spine, especially the lower cervical spine and cervicothoracic junction. The optimal treatment for cervical spine ...

    Liang Yan, Zhenguo Luo, Baorong He, Jijun Liu and Dingjun Hao

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:81

    Published on: 14 February 2017

  19. Research article

    Long-term outcome following upper extremity replantation after major traumatic amputation

    Amputations in general and amputations of upper extremities, in particular, have a major impact on patients’ lives. There are only a few long-term follow-up reports of patients after macro-replantation. We pre...

    G. Mattiassich, F. Rittenschober, L. Dorninger, J. Rois, R. Mittermayr, R. Ortmaier, M. Ponschab, K. Katzensteiner and L. Larcher

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:77

    Published on: 10 February 2017

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