Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Research article

    Analysis of change in gait in the ovine stifle: normal, injured, and anterior cruciate ligament reconstructed

    Many patients who undergo anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructive surgery develop post-traumatic osteoarthritis (PTOA). ACL reconstructive surgery may not fully restore pre-injury joint biomechanics, t...

    B. J. Heard, J. E. Beveridge, M. Atarod, E. J. O’Brien, C. Rolian, C. B. Frank, D. A. Hart and N. G. Shrive

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:212

    Published on: 23 May 2017

  2. Research article

    Usefulness of clinical predictors for preoperative screening of deep vein thrombosis in hip fractures

    Recent studies showed that preoperative deep vein thrombosis (DVT) was common after hip fracture (HF), and preoperative DVT screening has been recommended for preventing the fatal DVT-related complications, es...

    Kitchai Luksameearunothai, Paphon Sa-ngasoongsong, Noratep Kulachote, Sorawut Thamyongkit, Praman Fuangfa, Pongsthorn Chanplakorn, Patarawan Woratanarat and Chanyut Suphachatwong

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:208

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  3. Research article

    Distal femoral replacement with the MML system: a single center experience with an average follow-up of 86 months

    The aim of this study was to compare the functional outcomes and complication rates after distal femoral replacement (DFR) performed with the modular Munich-Luebeck (MML) modular prosthesis (ESKA/Orthodynamics...

    Andreas Toepfer, Norbert Harrasser, Paul-Ruben Schwarz, Florian Pohlig, Ulrich Lenze, Heinrich M. L. Mühlhofer, Ludger Gerdesmeyer, Ruediger von Eisenhart-Rothe and Christian Suren

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:206

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  4. Research article

    Effects of osteochondral defect size on cartilage regeneration using a double-network hydrogel

    There has been increased interest in one-step cell-free procedures to avoid the problems related to cell manipulation and its inherent disadvantages. We have studied the chondrogenic induction ability of a PAM...

    Kotaro Higa, Nobuto Kitamura, Keiko Goto, Takayuki Kurokawa, Jian Ping Gong, Fuminori Kanaya and Kazunori Yasuda

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:210

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  5. Research article

    Bone turnover and periprosthetic bone loss after cementless total hip arthroplasty can be restored by zoledronic acid: a prospective, randomized, open-label, controlled trial

    Although the loss of bone mineral density (BMD) after total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a known problem, it remains unresolved. This study prospectively examined the effect of zoledronic acid (ZA) on bone turnov...

    Tsan-Wen Huang, Chao-Jan Wang, Hsin-Nung Shih, Yuhan Chang, Kuo-Chin Huang, Kuo-Ti Peng and Mel S. Lee

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:209

    Published on: 22 May 2017

  6. Research article

    High incidence of periprosthetic joint infection with propionibacterium acnes after the use of a stemless shoulder prosthesis with metaphyseal screw fixation - a retrospective cohort study of 241 patients propionibacter infections after eclipse TSA

    A stemless shoulder prosthesis with humeral metaphyseal screw fixation was introduced in order to save bone-stock and to facilitate reconstruction of biomechanics (Eclipse®). The aim of this study was to analy...

    Lisa Johansson, Nils P Hailer and Hans Rahme

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:203

    Published on: 19 May 2017

  7. Research article

    Ten-year survival rate after rotational acetabular osteotomy in adulthood hip dysplasia

    Rotational acetabular osteotomy (RAO) is an effective joint-preserving surgical treatment for adulthood hip dysplasia (AHD). Despite sufficient correction of acetabular dysplasia, some patients still experienc...

    Masamitsu Tomioka, Yutaka Inaba, Naomi Kobayashi, Taro Tezuka, Hyonmin Choe, Hiroyuki Ike and Tomoyuki Saito

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:191

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  8. Research article

    Developmental hip dysplasia treated by total hip arthroplasty using a cementless Wagner cone stem in young adult patients with a small physique

    Developmental hip dysplasia (DDH) may lead to severe acetabular and femoral abnormalities that can render total hip arthroplasty (THA) challenging, especially in DDH patients with a small physique. Most conven...

    Ping Zhen, Jun Liu, Hao Lu, Hui Chen, Xusheng Li and Shenghu Zhou

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:192

    Published on: 15 May 2017

  9. Research article

    Minimal invasive percutaneous plate osteosynthesis (MIPPO) through deltoid-pectoralis approach for the treatment of elderly proximal humeral fractures

    Current treatments for proximal humeral fractures include conservative treatment, conventional open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) and MIPPO through deltoid-splitting approach. The aim of this study was to...

    Li Zhao, Peng Yang, Lei Zhu and Ai-min Chen

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:187

    Published on: 12 May 2017

  10. Research article

    Does a deep seated L5 vertebra position with respect to the iliac crests affect the accuracy of percutaneous pedicle screw placement at lumbosacral junction?

    Significant prominence of iliac crests with a deep seated L5 vertebra can potentially interfere with the screw trajectory when placing percutaneous pedicle screws (PPS) at the lumbosacral segment. The objectiv...

    Jing Guo, Lianjin Guo, Juzhou Gao, Qinjie Ling, Zhixun Yin and Erxing He

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:180

    Published on: 5 May 2017

  11. Research article

    Early surgery with antibiotics treatment had better clinical outcomes than antibiotics treatment alone in patients with pyogenic spondylodiscitis: a retrospective cohort study

    Pyogenic spondylodiscitis is a form of spinal infection that can result in severe back pain and even death. However, information is lacking on the relative effectiveness of various therapies. A retrospective c...

    Tsung-Ting Tsai, Shih-Chieh Yang, Chi-Chien Niu, Po-Liang Lai, Ming-Hsun Lee, Lih-Huei Chen and Wen-Jer Chen

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:175

    Published on: 27 April 2017

  12. Research article

    Intermittent parathyroid hormone improve bone microarchitecture of the mandible and femoral head in ovariectomized rats

    Intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) can be used to treat osteoporosis of the spine and hip. However, whether it can be used to treat osteoporosis of the mandible is unclear. The purpose of this study was to...

    Ying-Ju Chen, Shun-Ping Wang, Fu-Chou Cheng, Pei-Yu Hsu, Yu-Fen Li, Jay Wu, Heng-Li Huang, Ming-Tzu Tsai and Jui-Ting Hsu

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:171

    Published on: 24 April 2017

  13. Research article

    More complications in uncemented compared to cemented hemiarthroplasty for displaced femoral neck fractures: a randomized controlled trial of 201 patients, with one year follow-up

    It is unclear whether cemented or uncemented hemiarthroplasty is the best treatment option in elderly patients with displaced femoral neck fractures. Previous randomized trials comparing cemented and uncemente...

    Sophie Moerman, Nina M. C. Mathijssen, Dieu D. Niesten, Roeland Riedijk, Willard J. Rijnberg, Sander Koëter, Keetie Kremers van de Hei, Wim E. Tuinebreier, Tim L. Molenaar, Rob G. H. H. Nelissen and Anne J. H. Vochteloo

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:169

    Published on: 21 April 2017

  14. Research article

    Differences between native and prosthetic knees in terms of cross-sectional morphology of the femoral trochlea: a study based on three-dimensional models and virtual total knee arthroplasty

    The cross-sectional morphology of the prosthetic knee is crucial to understanding patellar motion and quadriceps strength after total knee arthroplasty. However, few comparative evaluations of the cross-sectio...

    Zhe Du, Shichang Chen, Mengning Yan, Bing Yue and You Wang

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:166

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  15. Research article

    Correlation between intervertebral disc degeneration, paraspinal muscle atrophy, and lumbar facet joints degeneration in patients with lumbar disc herniation

    To assess the correlation between lumbar disc degeneration (LDD), multifidus muscle atrophy (LMA), and facet joints degeneration in patients with L4-L5 lumbar disc herniation (LDH).

    Dong Sun, Peng Liu, Jie Cheng, Zikun Ma, Jingpei Liu and Tingzheng Qin

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:167

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  16. Research article

    Association between the ossific nucleus and osteonecrosis in treating developmental dysplasia of the Hip: updated meta-analysis

    A meta-analysis concluded that there was no effect of the femoral head ossification and the incidence of osteonecrosis in the treatment of developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH), unless only osteonecrosis gr...

    Rafal Niziol, Michael Elvey, Evangelia Protopapa and Andreas Roposch

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:165

    Published on: 20 April 2017

  17. Research article

    Operative versus conservative treatment of apophyseal avulsion fractures of the pelvis in the adolescents: a systematical review with meta-analysis of clinical outcome and return to sports

    Avulsion fractures of the pelvic apophyses typically occur in adolescent athletes due to a sudden strong muscle contraction while growth plates are still open. The main goals of this systematic review with met...

    H. Eberbach, L. Hohloch, M.J. Feucht, L. Konstantinidis, N.P. Südkamp and J. Zwingmann

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:162

    Published on: 19 April 2017

  18. Research article

    The effects of bending speed on the lumbo-pelvic kinematics and movement pattern during forward bending in people with and without low back pain

    Impaired lumbo-pelvic movement in people with low back pain during bending task has been reported previously. However, the regional mobility and the pattern of the lumbo-pelvic movement were found to vary acro...

    Sharon M. H. Tsang, Grace P. Y. Szeto, Linda M. K. Li, Dim C. M. Wong, Millie M. P. Yip and Raymond Y. W. Lee

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:157

    Published on: 17 April 2017

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