Orthopedics and biomechanics

Section edited by Umile Giuseppe Longo

This section concerns all aspects of orthopedic treatments for musculoskeletal disorders including but not limited to: orthopedic surgery and related biomechanics, non-surgical orthoses, and tissue engineering.

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  1. Research article

    Long-term outcomes after combined arthroscopic medial reefing and lateral release in patients with recurrent patellar instability – a retrospective analysis

    There is currently no consensus regarding the optimal surgical treatment method for patients with recurrent patella instability. Our goal was to evaluate the long-term results of combined arthroscopic medial r...

    Dominik Schorn, Sera Yang-Strathoff, Georg Gosheger, Tim Vogler, Sebastian Klingebiel, Carolin Rickert, Dimosthenis Andreou and Dennis Liem

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:277

    Published on: 24 June 2017

  2. Case report

    Prosthetic joint infection caused by Granulicatella adiacens: a case series and review of literature

    Bone and joint infection involving Granulicatella adiacens is rare, and mainly involved in cases of bacteremia and infectious endocarditis. Here we report three cases of prosthetic joint infection involving G. ad...

    Fanny Quénard, Piseth Seng, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Florence Fenollar and Andreas Stein

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:276

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  3. Research article

    Restricted posture in dentistry – a kinematic analysis of orthodontists

    This study aims at identifying orthodontic activities with the highest frequency of unfavorable/awkward and static postures held over a period of more than 4 s based on kinematic analysis. Moreover, a separate...

    Daniela Ohlendorf, Christina Erbe, Imke Hauck, Jennifer Nowak, Ingo Hermanns, Dirk Ditchen, Rolf Ellegast and David A. Groneberg

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:275

    Published on: 23 June 2017

  4. Research article

    Radiologic comparison of posterior release, internal distraction, final PSO and spinal fusion with one-stage posterior vertebral column resection for multi-level severe congenital scoliosis

    To compare radiologic results of posterior release, internal distraction, and final pedicle subtraction osteotomy (PSO) and spinal fusionwith one-stage posterior vertebral column resection (PVCR) in treating m...

    Shichang Liu, Nannan Zhang, Yueming Song, Zongrang Song, Liping Zhang, Jijun Liu, En Xie, Qining Wu and Dingjun Hao

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:270

    Published on: 20 June 2017

  5. Research article

    Surgical accuracy, function, and quality of life of simultaneous versus staged bilateral Total hip Arthroplasty in patients with Osteonecrosis of the femoral head

    The optimal surgical option for patients requiring bilateral hip replacement remains controversial. The purpose of this study was to compare surgical accuracy; functional outcome and health-related quality of ...

    Seung-Chan Kim, Young-Wook Lim, Woo-Lam Jo, Dong-Chul Park, Jin-Woo Lee, Won-Woo Kang and Yong-Sik Kim

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:266

    Published on: 17 June 2017

  6. Research article

    Correlations between inflammatory cytokines, muscle damage markers and acute postoperative pain following primary total knee arthroplasty

    Despite the success of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) in reducing knee pain and improving functional disability, the management of acute postoperative pain is still unsatisfactory. This study was aimed to quant...

    Hai-bo Si, Ti-min Yang, Yi Zeng, Zong-ke Zhou, Fu-xing Pei, Yan-rong Lu, Jing-qiu Cheng and Bin Shen

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:265

    Published on: 17 June 2017

  7. Research article

    Treatment of thoracolumbar burst fractures by short-segment pedicle screw fixation using a combination of two additional pedicle screws and vertebroplasty at the level of the fracture: a finite element analysis

    Traditional one-above and one-below four-screw posterior short-segment instrumentation is used for unstable thoracolumbar burst fractures. However, this method has a high rate of implant failure and early loss...

    Jen-Chung Liao, Weng-Pin Chen and Hao Wang

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:262

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  8. Research article

    More preoperative flexibility implies adequate neural pliability for curve correction without prophylactic untethering in scoliosis patients with asymptomatic tethered spinal cord, a retrospective study

    Tethered spinal cord is frequently associated with scoliosis. It is still controversial whether a prophylactic untethering is necessary before correction procedure in scoliosis patients with tethered spinal co...

    Zhenhai Zhou, Hongqi Zhang, Chaofeng Guo, Honggui Yu, Longjie Wang and Qiang Guo

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:261

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  9. Research article

    Effect of low-magnitude different-frequency whole-body vibration on subchondral trabecular bone microarchitecture, cartilage degradation, bone/cartilage turnover, and joint pain in rabbits with knee osteoarthritis

    Whole-body vibration(WBV) has been suggested for the prevention of subchondral bone loss of knee osteoarthritis (OA) . This study examined the effects of different frequency of whole-body vibration on subchond...

    Wang Junbo, Liu Sijia, Chen Hongying, Liu Lei and Wang Pu

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:260

    Published on: 15 June 2017

  10. Research article

    Progression of function and pain relief as indicators for returning to sports after arthroscopic isolated type II SLAP repair—a prospective study

    One of the currently used surgical techniques in isolated type II SLAP lesions is arthroscopic SLAP repair. Postoperatively, patients tend to suffer from a prolonged period of pain and are restricted in their ...

    Sandra Boesmueller, Thomas M. Tiefenboeck, Marcus Hofbauer, Adam Bukaty, Gerhard Oberleitner, Wolfgang Huf and Christian Fialka

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:257

    Published on: 13 June 2017

  11. Research article

    Anterior tibial curved cortex is a reliable landmark for tibial rotational alignment in total knee arthroplasty

    Rotational alignment of the tibial component is important for long-term success of total knee arthroplasty (TKA). This study aimed to compare five axes in normal and osteoarthritic (OA) knees to determine a re...

    Joong Il Kim, Jak Jang, Ki Woong Lee, Hyuk Soo Han, Sahnghoon Lee and Myung Chul Lee

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:252

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  12. Research article

    Outcomes of cement beads and cement spacers in the treatment of bone defects associated with post-traumatic osteomyelitis

    Cement spacers (Masquelet technique) have traditionally been used for the treatment of segmental bone defects. However, no reports have used cement spacers for the treatment of small/partial segmental bone def...

    Xu-sheng Qiu, Yi-xin Chen, Xiao-yang Qi, Hong-fei Shi, Jun-fei Wang and Jin Xiong

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:256

    Published on: 12 June 2017

  13. Research article

    Validity of humerus fracture classification in the Swedish fracture register

    The ability to correctly classify fractures is of importance for choosing the appropriate treatment and for providing appropriate data for research and quality registers. In the Swedish Fracture Register (SFR)...

    David Wennergren, Stina Stjernström, Michael Möller, Mikael Sundfeldt and Carl Ekholm

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:251

    Published on: 10 June 2017

  14. Research article

    The Mayo conservative hip: complication analysis and management of the first 41 cases performed at a University level 1 department

    To prevent bone loss in hip arthroplasty, several short stem systems have been developed, including the Mayo conservative hip system. While there is a plethora of data confirming inherent advantages of these s...

    Jörg Arnholdt, Fabian Gilbert, Marc Blank, Jannis Papazoglou, Maximilian Rudert, Ulrich Nöth and Andre F. Steinert

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:250

    Published on: 9 June 2017

  15. Research article

    Characteristics and potentials of stem cells derived from human degenerated nucleus pulposus: potential for regeneration of the intervertebral disc

    Eliminating the symptoms during treatment of intervertebral disc degeneration (IVDD) is only a temporary solution that does not cure the underlying cause. A biological method to treat this disorder may be poss...

    Xiao-Chuan Li, Yong Tang, Jian-Hong Wu, Pu-Shan Yang, De-Li Wang and Di-Ke Ruan

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:242

    Published on: 5 June 2017

  16. Research article

    Ideal T1 laminar screw fixation based on computed tomography morphometry

    The application of laminar screws is an alternative fixation for the first thoracic vertebra (T1). This paper is to determine the anatomical characteristics for adequate laminar screw fixation, and present a m...

    Xiao-Bo Wang, Xin Zheng, Hou-Qing Long, Wen-Li Chen, Xing Cheng, Yang-Liang Huang and Jing-Hui Xu

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:241

    Published on: 2 June 2017

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