Clinical diagnostics and imaging

Section edited by Daichi Hayashi

This section concerns all aspects of the clinical diagnosis of musculoskeletal disorders including the use of diagnostic imaging techniques.

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  1. Research article

    Mid-term outcome following revision surgery of clavicular non- and malunion using anatomic locking compression plate and iliac crest bone graft

    Treatment of clavicular non- and malunion is still challenging. Current surgical procedures often result in frustrating functional outcome along with high-grade subjective impairment and increased rates of rev...

    Marc Beirer, Ingo J. Banke, Norbert Harrasser, Moritz Crönlein, Dominik Pförringer, Stefan Huber-Wagner, Peter Biberthaler and Chlodwig Kirchhoff

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:129

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  2. Research article

    Sedentary behaviour is associated with increased long-term cardiovascular risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis independently of moderate-to-vigorous physical activity

    Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). The physical dysfunction symptomatic of RA means people living with this disease spend large periods of the day s...

    Sally A. M. Fenton, Jet J. C. S. Veldhuijzen van Zanten, George D. Kitas, Joan L. Duda, Peter C. Rouse, Chen-an Yu and George S. Metsios

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:131

    Published on: 29 March 2017

  3. Research article

    Joint-specific assessment of swelling and power Doppler in obese rheumatoid arthritis patients

    Clinical swollen joint examination of the obese rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patient can be difficult. Musculoskeletal Ultrasound (MSUS) has higher sensitivity than physical examination for swollen joints (SJ). T...

    Erin M. Bauer, Ami Ben-Artzi, Erin L. Duffy, David A. Elashoff, Sitaram S. Vangala, John Fitzgerald and Veena K. Ranganath

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:99

    Published on: 4 March 2017

  4. Research article

    Interobserver and intraobserver agreement of ligamentous injuries on conventional MRI after simple elbow dislocation

    The primary objective of this study was to assess the interobserver and intraobserver agreement on ligamentous injuries on conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in acute simple elbow dislocation. The s...

    Marc Schnetzke, Svenja Schüler, Johannes Hoffend, Rainer Simon, Holger Keil, Felix Porschke, Stefan Studier-Fischer, Paul-Alfred Grützner and Thorsten Guehring

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:85

    Published on: 20 February 2017

  5. Research article

    Accuracy of magnetic resonance studies in the detection of chondral and labral lesions in femoroacetabular impingement: systematic review and meta-analysis

    Several types of Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) are commonly used in imaging of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI), however till now there are no clear protocols and recommendations for each type. The aim of...

    A. M. Saied, C. Redant, M. El-Batouty, M. R. El-Lakkany, W. A. El-Adl, J. Anthonissen, R. Verdonk and E. A. Audenaert

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:83

    Published on: 16 February 2017

  6. Research article

    Utilization of CT scanning associated with complex spine surgery

    Due to the risk associated with exposure to ionizing radiation, there is an urgent need to identify areas of CT scanning overutilization. While increased use of diagnostic spinal imaging has been documented, n...

    Vikas V. Patel, Gunnar B. J. Andersson, Steven R. Garfin, Donald L. Resnick and Jon E. Block

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:52

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  7. Research article

    Multiplanar evaluation of radiological findings associated with acetabular dysplasia and investigation of its prevalence in an Asian population: a CT-based study

    Acetabular dysplasia (AD) is a well-known cause of osteoarthritis (OA) of the hip, with its prevalence previously determined on plain radiography. The prevalence of preexisting AD was reported as 7.3% in a pat...

    Tomohiro Mimura, Kanji Mori, Masahiro Kitagawa, Mariko Ueki, Yuki Furuya, Taku Kawasaki and Shinji Imai

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:50

    Published on: 31 January 2017

  8. Research article

    Magnetic resonance imaging evaluation of the distal oblique bundle in the distal interosseous membrane of the forearm

    Some cadaveric studies have reported the role of the distal oblique bundle (DOB) in the distal radioulnar joint stability. We aimed to determine whether the presence of the DOB can be identified and its thickn...

    Yeon Ho Kim, Hyun Sik Gong, Jin Woo Park, Hyun Kyung Yang, Kahyun Kim and Goo Hyun Baek

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:47

    Published on: 26 January 2017

  9. Research article

    Physical examination tests of the shoulder: a systematic review and meta-analysis of diagnostic test performance

    Physical examination tests of the shoulder (PETS) are clinical examination maneuvers designed to aid the assessment of shoulder complaints. Despite more than 180 PETS described in the literature, evidence of t...

    Sigmund Ø. Gismervik, Jon O. Drogset, Fredrik Granviken, Magne Rø and Gunnar Leivseth

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:41

    Published on: 25 January 2017

  10. Research article

    Intervertebral disc and vertebral endplate subchondral changes associated with Modic 1 changes of the lumbar spine: a cross-sectional study

    Modic 1 changes are usually associated with degenerative disc disease (DDD). We aimed to compare Modic 1 changes with advanced degenerative disc disease (>50%-intervertebral space narrowing [IVSN]) to Modic 1 ...

    Christelle Nguyen, Marylène Jousse, Serge Poiraudeau, Antoine Feydy and François Rannou

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:34

    Published on: 23 January 2017

  11. Technical advance

    Manually defining regions of interest when quantifying paravertebral muscles fatty infiltration from axial magnetic resonance imaging: a proposed method for the lumbar spine with anatomical cross-reference

    There is increasing interest in paravertebral muscle composition as a potential prognostic and diagnostic element in lumbar spine health. As a consequence, it is becoming popular to use magnetic resonance imag...

    Rebecca J. Crawford, Jon Cornwall, Rebecca Abbott and James M. Elliott

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:25

    Published on: 19 January 2017

  12. Research article

    Metacarpal bone loss in patients with rheumatoid arthritis estimated by a new Digital X-ray Radiogrammetry method – initial results

    The Digital X-ray Radiogrammetry (DXR) method measures the cortical bone thickness in the shafts of the metacarpals and has demonstrated its relevance in the assessment of hand bone loss caused by rheumatoid a...

    Alexander Pfeil, Hans Henrik Thodberg, Diane M. Renz, Lisa Reinhardt, Peter Oelzner, Gunter Wolf and Joachim Böttcher

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:6

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  13. Research article

    Do size, shape, and alignment parameters of the femoral condyle affect the trochlear groove tracking? A morphometric study based on 3D- computed tomography models in Chinese people

    Our study aimed to investigate whether geometrical features (size, shape, or alignment parameters) of the femoral condyle affect the morphology of the trochlear groove.

    Zhe Du, Shichang Chen, Mengning Yan, Bing Yue, Yiming Zeng and You Wang

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2017 18:4

    Published on: 6 January 2017

  14. Research article

    Prevalence and distribution of ossification of the supra/interspinous ligaments in symptomatic patients with cervical ossification of the posterior longitudinal ligament of the spine: a CT-based multicenter cross-sectional study

    Supra/interspinous ligaments connect adjacent spinous processes and act as a stabilizer of the spine. As with other spinal ligaments, it can become ossified. However, few report have discussed ossification sup...

    Kanji Mori, Toshitaka Yoshii, Takashi Hirai, Akio Iwanami, Kazuhiro Takeuchi, Tsuyoshi Yamada, Shoji Seki, Takashi Tsuji, Kanehiro Fujiyoshi, Mitsuru Furukawa, Soraya Nishimura, Kanichiro Wada, Masao Koda, Takeo Furuya, Yukihiro Matsuyama, Tomohiko Hasegawa…

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:492

    Published on: 1 December 2016

  15. Research article

    Fracture risk and healthcare resource utilization and costs among osteoporosis patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and without diabetes mellitus in Japan: retrospective analysis of a hospital claims database

    Osteoporosis, osteoporosis-related fractures, and diabetes are considerable health burdens in Japan. Diabetes in patients with osteoporosis has been reported to be associated with increased fracture risk. This...

    Masayo Sato, Wenyu Ye, Tomoko Sugihara and Yoshitaka Isaka

    BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2016 17:489

    Published on: 25 November 2016

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